First Report Of Fusarium Graminearum Causing Flower Blight On Hemp (Cannabis Sativa) In Kentucky

A fragment of the translation elongation issue 1-alpha 1 gene was amplified with primers EF1 and EF2 as described by O’Donnell et al. 1998). Amplicons had been sequenced, and the consensus (MZ407909) was in contrast with the NCBI GenBank Refseq database by BLASTn. The highest hit was Fusarium graminearum with 100% identity (JF270185.1). Pairwise alignments via MycoBank Fusarium MLST and Fusarium-ID also revealed a prime hit of F. graminearum with 100% identity (AY452957.1). Conidial and colony morphology had been additionally in line with F. graminearum (Leslie and Summerell 2006); thus, we conclude that this species was the causal agent of the flower blight and mold. The identical illness was subsequently confirmed on hemp in Breathitt and Franklin Counties in Kentucky in 2020. That is the first report of this illness in Kentucky, though F. graminearum has been reported previously inflicting the same flower blight on hemp in New York and North Carolina (Bergstrom et al. 2019; Thiessen et al. 2020). F. graminearum is frequent in Kentucky as a trigger of Fusarium head blight on wheat and Gibberella ear rot on corn. In cereals, fungal infection is facilitated by the manufacturing of the mycotoxin deoxynivalenol (DON), which is dangerous to humans and livestock (Desjardins and Hohn 1997). As hemp manufacturing in Kentucky continues to rise for manufacturing of CBD merchandise and edible grains, accumulation and focus of DON in these merchandise might become a concern. The creator(s) declare no conflict of curiosity. Bergstrom, G., et al. 2019. Page 12 in: Science of Hemp: Production and Management. SR-112. University of Kentucky College of Agriculture Food and Environment. Desjardins, A. E., and Hohn, T. M. 1997. Mol. Leslie, J. F., and Summerell, B. A. 2006. The Fusarium Laboratory Manual. Blackwell Publishing, Ames, IA. O’Donnell, K., et al. 1998. Proc. Natl. Acad. Thiessen, L. D., et al. 2020. Plant Health Prog.

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The state has been grappling with vape laws and rules for some time. Shall be fascinating to watch this one. SB 157. Enacts 2028 specific sunset for exemption of medical marijuana registry cardholder or major caregiver from tax imposed on retail sale of marijuana objects. SB 307. Waives fees for obtaining medical marijuana card for veterans who have total disability rating of a minimum of 50 percent as results of injury or sickness incurred or aggravated during lively military service, and who obtained discharge or launch under apart from dishonorable situations. Looks as if low-hanging fruit, with the one query being whether or not 50% is the suitable quantity. SB 400. Directs OHA to check medical marijuana registry identification cardholders, for a 12 months. Requires report to interim committee of Legislative Assembly associated to judiciary. I assume extra info could be nice. May not go wherever. The discussions right here will likely be fairly fun! It’s apparent why business needs this; cops not a lot. Allows marijuana producers owned at least fifty one p.c by similar particular person to transfer to each other marijuana and usable marijuana. Allows marijuana producer to obtain specified marijuana items from marijuana processor. Specifies data required in transfer manifest for transport of marijuana. Interesting bill general. Working around the edges on some OLCC atmosphere points. SB 411. Directs OHA and OLCC to check cannabis packaging and write a report by subsequent session. Hopefully the thought right here is not to go extra restrictive. Stay tuned as always. We’ll replace in the course of the course of the following five months on any big developments, and recap per traditional at the end of the session.

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